Bunion pain

Bunions are misaligned big toe joints that can become swollen and tender and cause the 1st joint of the big toe to move towards the 2nd toe joint.

Many people with bunions suffer from discomfort and pain caused by the constant irritation, rubbing and friction against the shoe. Over time, arthritis or bursitis may set in and the condition can become chronic. Foot injuries, flat feet and pronated feet can contribute to bunion formation.

Treatment is to relieve the pressure and pain and stop any progression of the deformity. Some ways of reducing pressure include:

  • Appropriate footwear designed to accommodate the bunion and not contribute towards its growth.
  • Orthotic devices – both over-the-counter and custom made – in order to stabilise the joint and place the foot in the correct position.
  • The use of protective padding
  • Exercises to maintain joint mobility
  • In young people, splints for night time may be used to help the joint to align properly.