Corns and calluses are layers of protective thickened skin cells. They are created by friction between the skin and bony areas. Tight fitting shoes as well as abnormal biomechanics contribute to the development of corns.
Corns form mainly between the toes , while calluses form due to increased pressure on the bottom of the feet. The pressure and friction can produce a burning sensation and cause pain. To prevent corns from becoming infected, specialised podiatric care is required. In most cases protective padding is recommended as well as appropriate footwear. Most corns will return if they are caused by the abnormal position of the underlying bone. Some patients may require surgical correction to prevent from reoccurance.